There are few things more annoying than a skin problem – the constant itching, the rashes, and the overall discomfort. And when dogs suffer from them, we feel even worse since they can’t tell us what’s wrong! So, we’ve rounded up 11 common skin problems to keep an eye out for with your pup.
Demodectic mange, also known as Red Mange, Follicular Mange, or Demodex, is common in puppies and dogs with weak immune systems. It’s a surplus of the Demodectic mite and causes hair loss, sores, and inflamed, thickened skin.
Also known as Scabies, Sarcoptic Mange are highly contagious to both other pets and humans. It causes extreme itching and inflamed, raised rashes on the skin. Topical treatments can kill the mites but to fully get rid of them, a thorough washing of every bit of clothing, carpeting, and furniture in your house is necessary.
A common skin problem among dogs, the saliva of a flea bit causes a very itchy reaction on their skin. Fleas can be spread easily and can be difficult to eliminate completely – especially in homes with a lot of carpet. The best flea treatment is prevention!
Ringworm is not, in fact, a parasite. It’s actually a very contagious fungal infection that can be spread easily between both animals and humans. This disease causes scaly, itchy patches of hair loss and swelling that resembles a “bullseye”
Skin infections can occur when bacteria or yeast enters the body through cuts in the skin. It can be caused by constant itching or a pre-existing skin condition. Skin infections can cause bleedingm itching, and pain and sometimes require antibiotics or steroids to treat.
Environmental or food allergies can cause major skin problems for your pup. Although diagnosing allergies in dogs is not always easy, your veterinarian can administer some tests to find out if that’s what is your pup’s skin issue.
Boredom or Stress
Some dogs suffering from anxiety will lick and chew their legs as a response. This is common among dogs with separation anxiety or those who don’t get enough exercise or mental stimulation.
Some shampoos or other grooming products could cause irritation. Make sure to only use products for dog’s and talk with your veterinarian if your dog has sensitive skin to find the right products for them.
If the reproductive hormones are imbalanced, dogs can suffer from Alopecia, also known as generalized hair loss. Chihuahuas and Miniature Pinschers are more prone to Alopecia thanks to their short-hair. Other skin conditions, like dermatosis, can also be linked to hormonal problems.
Diseases like Cushing’s and Addison’s have symptoms that affect the adrenal glands. They have diverse symptoms that can include hair coat changes or a change in skin color.
Some brain, spinal cord, or nervous disorders can cause dogs to chew or scratch at their skin. When their brain signals are disturbed on their way to the peripheral nerves, it can cause itching or pain – leading them to damage their skin. Neurological diseases, like Canine Distemper, attacks the skin cells and the brain.
The common symptoms of skin issues include odor, licking or chewing at the skin, dry or flaky skin, inflammation or redness, hair loss, scabs, hot spots, rashes, and swelling.
If you suspect your dog may be suffering from one of these 11 skin problems, contact your veterinarian immediately!